2018 Nottingham Developing Solutions Scholarships – UK

Nottingham Developing Solutions Scholarships 2018… The University of Nottingham is offering 105 scholarships for students starting full-time masters degree programmes in September 2017. Scholarships are available for full-time masters degree progammes in an area of study within the: Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Science and Faculty of Social Science.

Nottingham Developing Solutions Scholarships 2018 in UK

The aim of the Developing Solutions Masters Scholarship is to enable and encourage academically able students from Africa, India or one of the countries of the Commonwealth.

The University of Nottingham is a public research university based in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom. It was founded as University College Nottingham in 1881 and was granted a Royal Charter in 1948.

EU and International students whose first language is not English are required to have an appropriate grade/score in an approved examination in English language (such as IELTS) Academic) before they can register on an academic programme.

Host Institution(s):

University of Nottingham in United Kingdom

Level and Field(s) of study:

Full-time Masters Degree Programmes, including MRes, at Nottingham for September 2017 in an area of study within the following faculties:

  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Social Science

Number of Awards:

105 scholarships – 30x 100% tuition fee and 75x of 50% towards tuition fee

Target Group:

Nationals (or permanently domiciled in) of Africa, India, or one of the countries of the Commonwealth* listed below:

*Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Kiribati, Malaysia, Maldives, Montserrat, Nauru, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, St Helena, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu

Scholarship value/inclusions:

50-100% support towards tuition fee.


You can apply for this scholarship if you:

  • Are a national of (or permanently domiciled in) Africa, India or one of the countries of the Commonwealth (*see above) AND
  • Are classed as an overseas student for fee purposes AND
  • Have not already studied outside of your home country AND
  • Are not currently studying at a University of Nottingham campus or are not a University of Nottingham graduate AND
  • Hold an offer to start a full-time masters degree programme, including MRes, at Nottingham for September 2017 in an area of study within the: Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, and the Faculty of Social Science.

Application instructions:

Applicants must first have applied for and obtained an offer of study at Nottingham for September or October 2017 before they can apply for the scholarship.   Application for admission to study at Nottingham should be received at least six weeks before the scholarship closing date to allow time for the Admissions office to process the application and confirm your offer, before you can apply for the scholarship. Scholarship applications are done online before 24 March 2018 (12 midday UK time).

Applications open for 2017 Ibidunni Ighodalo Foundation fertility grant



The Ibidunni Ighodalo Foundation (IIF) is now accepting applications for its 2017 grants towards fertility treatments. Interested couples are advised to submit their applications online at www.ibidunniighodalofoundation.org not later than Friday, June 30, 2017.

The Ibidunni Ighodalo Foundation Fertility Grant is a grant that offers funds toward fertility treatments of various kinds such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intrauterine Insemination. In 2016, the foundation partnered with certified fertility clinics in Nigeria to provide fertility services to couples dealing with the financial strain of fertility treatments. Now, the Foundation is set to award another of batch of grants in its 2017 application.

“We launched the IIF Fertility Grant as part of our plans to raise awareness on issues pertaining to fertility and bring hope and joy to couples waiting on the fruit of the womb”, said Ibidunni Ighodalo, President of the Foundation.

“The IIF Fertility Grant was launched in May 2016. After a long selection process, 28 couples from across the country emerged recipients and undertook various treatments in fertility clinics in the country. This year, we are pleased to announce that more couples can benefit from the grant and receive the financial, psychological and spiritual support they require on their journey to parenthood”, she said.

The IIF is a non-profit organization created to raise awareness on issues pertaining to infertility and to provide grants for couples that require fertility treatments such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination. It partners with highly reputable fertility clinics in Nigeria and other donors to provide couples with the financial and material support they require during the treatments. It also provide the necessary psychological and spiritual support they require to deal with the pressures they face along their journey to conception.

Interested couples can visit www.ibidunniighodalofoundation.org for more information about the grant or to learn more about the Ibidunni Ighodalo Foundation.

Do You Know Walking just 25 minutes daily boosts brain function

Just 25 minutes of walking a day could stave off the debilitating effects of dementia, a new study claims.Researchers in Canada monitored a group of 38 adults with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI), the second most common cause of dementia after Alzheimer’s.


They found that those who took a few brisk walks a week – amounting to three hours in total – experienced an improvement in brain function. After six months, they had improved reaction times and other signs of improved brain function, the Canadian team reports in British Journal of Sports Medicine.


The team said their research also suggests regular brisk walks could reduce one’s risk of developing VCI in the first place. The brain is a highly metabolic organ and to keep it healthy, it requires good blood flow to deliver the necessary nutrients and oxygen to its tissues.


VCI refers to mildly impaired thinking or more advanced dementia that’s due to the same kinds of blood vessel damage seen with heart disease elsewhere in the body.


Aerobic exercise may also benefit the brain by increasing growth factors, which are substances made by the body that promote cell growth, differentiation and survival, she said.


“It is well established that regular aerobic exercise improves cardiovascular health and cerebrovascular health,” the study’s senior author Teresa Liu-Ambrose said.


“More specifically, it reduces one’s risk of developing chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes (type II), and high cholesterol.“These chronic conditions have a negative impact on the brain – likely through compromised blood flow to the brain.” Liu-Ambrose is a researcher with the Aging, Mobility, and Cognitive Neuroscience Lab at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.


She and a research team randomly assigned 38 older adults with mild VCI to one of two groups.One group followed an aerobic training program consisting of three one-hour walking classes each week for six months, while the other group continued with their usual care.


In addition, both groups were given information about vascular cognitive impairment and tips for eating a healthier diet.Before the exercise program began and at the end of six months, all the participants also had functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) brain scans and other tests that measured neural activity and cognitive ability.


People in the aerobic training group had significant improvements in their reaction times on the cognitive tests, and showed changes in their brain activity that made them resemble healthy brains more. The comparison group showed no changes.


Overall, exercise appears to be a promising strategy for promoting cognitive health in older adults, Liu-Ambrose said.“While more research is needed to better understand how it brings about its benefits and what factors may impact the degree of benefit observed, there is minimal negative consequence of exercising,” she said.


Liu-Ambrose said she doesn’t know if exercise can actually prevent VCI because there have been no studies to determine that. “However, population based studies do suggest that physical activity does reduce the risk of developing VCI. Moreover, as mentioned earlier, aerobic exercise is very effective in reducing vascular risk factors associated with VCI, such as high blood pressure.”

New test detects latent HIV more accurately, moves closer to cure New test detects latent HIV more accurately, moves closer to cure

Researchers are moving closer to fully curing Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) by designing a more accurate, cost effective, and efficient test for detecting how much of the virus is left in the human body.


The new test can detect more efficiently the HIV reservoir that continues to stay hidden in the body’s CD4 cells (marker of the immune system). The new study – published in the journal Nature Medicine – details the new test, which the researchers have dubbed the “TZA test.”


The greatest challenge for researchers who have been hard at work trying to come up with a cure for HIV is detecting the virus after retroviral therapy. HIV can “hide” in immune cells at levels that are hard to identify. Current anti-HIV therapy suppresses the infection to an almost undetectable level, but the virus can persist in a dormant form in CD4 T cells, which are also called T cells or T helper cells. However, most of the HIV genetic material/Deoxy ribonucleic Acid (DNA) in these cells is defective and cannot cause infection.


CD4 T cells are lymphocytes, which are white blood cells with a key role in protecting the body against infection. T cells “alert” the body that there is an infection, activating its immune response. When the body is infected with HIV, it uses these cells to replicate and spread.The ability of the HIV virus to lie dormant in a “reservoir” of CD4 cells has been the main obstacle to finding a cure.


once a patient starts antiretroviral therapy, it becomes very important to tell how much virus is still left, and whether it can replicate.Most tests available for detecting the virus are not very cost effective and take a lot of time. The most widely available test at the moment is the “quantitative viral outgrowth assay” (Q-VOA). It requires large amounts of blood, a lot of work, and is quite expensive. Additionally, the Q-VOA may also underestimate the amount of virus left.


But now, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh’s (Pitt) Graduate School of Public Health in Pennsylvania announce that they have come up with a quicker, easier, less expensive, and more efficient way of checking whether or not HIV is still hiding in CD4 cells.

Eating nuts brings down colon growth repeat, Death

Expending no less than two servings of tree nuts each week may essentially decrease the danger of disease repeat for patients who have been dealt with for stage III colon tumor, and it could more than divide their danger of death.

This is the decision of another review due to be introduced at the 2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, which is being held in Chicago, IL, one month from now.

For patients with stage III colon growth, whereby malignancy has spread to close-by lymph hubs or tissues, five-year survival rates go from around 53 to 89 percent.

The new review, in any case, proposes that normal utilization of tree nuts may bring down the probability of malignancy repeat taking after treatment for stage III colon tumor and enhance tolerant survival.

Cashew nuts, hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, and pecans are all tree nuts, and various reviews have archived their potential medical advantages.

One review distributed in 2014, for instance, related tree nut admission with diminished danger of weight and metabolic disorder, while other research has related tree nut utilization with better heart wellbeing.

For this most recent review, lead creator Dr. Temidayo Fadelu, of the Dana Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, MA, and associates embarked to explore whether general nut admission or tree nut utilization alone may profit patients with colon malignancy.

To achieve their discoveries, the specialists broke down the information of 826 patients with stage III colon disease. The patients were a piece of a Cancer and Leukemia Group B clinical trial, which started in 1999, and they had finished chemotherapy.

For the trial, patients were required to finish a dietary poll. Dr. Fadelu and partners utilized this data to figure the patients’ week by week admission of nuts, and whether this was related with the danger of colon disease repeat and survival.

Contrasted and patients who did not eat nuts, the individuals who expended no less than 2 ounces of nuts each week were found to have a 42 percent bring down danger of colon malignancy repeat and a 57 percent decreased danger of death.

Nonetheless, on nearer examination, the scientists found that lone tree nut utilization offered benefits; the danger of colon malignancy repeat was 46 percent bring down for patients who ate no less than two ounces of tree nuts every week, while the danger of death was 53 percent lower.

Utilization of peanuts or nutty spread was not related with a huge decrease in tumor repeat or demise. In view of their outcomes, Fadelu and partners recommend that patients with colon growth may profit by incorporating tree nuts in their eating regimen.

In the mean time, as indicated by new research, fats found in fish, nuts and olive oil can help protect your memory and critical thinking capacities as you age.

Omega-3 and 6 unsaturated fats found in these nutritional categories ensure the territories of the cerebrum that are most influenced by maturing, two new reviews have found.

The unsaturated fats help to save the frontoparietal cortex – a mind arrange in charge of critical thinking, the exploration includes.

These same fats may likewise help support of the fornix, which is a little cerebrum area that has beforehand been connected to memory and Alzheimer’s sickness, the review uncovered.

In both reviews, analysts from the University of Illinois dissected levels of a sort of fat, known as polyunsaturated fat, in the blood of grown-ups matured 65 to 75.

Polyunsaturated fats are found in salmon, nuts, seeds and olive oil. The scientists requested that the members partake in various subjective tests and broke down structures in their brains utilizing filters.

They found that those with large amounts of polyunsaturated fats in their blood improved in critical thinking undertakings. Such members likewise had a tendency to have bigger left frontoparietal cortices – the mind district related with critical thinking.

7 Ways To Prevent HIV Without Condom

As HIV becomes a growing threat around the world, people want access to information that can help them to avoid this potentially deadly disease. Medical experts have indicated that co ndoms can be a good way to prevent an HIV infection, but there are other steps you can take to reduce your chances of contracting HIV.

#1:. Abstain The most effective way to not contract HIV is to not have s’ex with anyone until you are prepared to get married. When the time comes, you and your significant other can get the tests done to determine your HIV status, and then make the informed decision that will affect the rest of your lives.

#2:. Be selective on your s’exual partners When you find someone who you have strong feelings for, it is important to have an open discussion about HIV prior to having s’ex. If you are extremely selective about the partners you choose, then you can significantly reduce your chances of contracting HIV.

3:. Consider monogamy One of the surest ways to prevent HIV if you want to remain s’exually active is to be monogamous with someone who is not HIV positive.

#4:. Use only sterile medical equipment Whether you are giving yourself a shot of medication at home or getting an injection from a medical facility, always insist on making sure that the needle is sterile. Avoid previously used needles when you are injecting medication, or when you are getting medical treatment.

#5:. Insist on tested blood If you ever need a blood transfusion, then insist on only using blood that has been

tested for the HIV and AIDS viruses.

#6:. Get yourself tested If you get yourself into the habit of being tested for HIV a couple of times a year, then it becomes easier to insist that your s’exual partners do the same. If you do decide to have s’ex with multiple partners throughout the year, then you should insist that they take the same steps you do in getting tested for HIV and having those results with them to show you. It seems extreme, but it is much better than the alternative.

#7:Get treated for HIV immediately If you had s’ex with someone and start to feel flu-like symptoms soon afterwards, then get tested immediately. The newer HIV medications being used can actually help to stop the infection if it is caught soon enough. The sooner you get tested, the better your chances of stopping the infection.

DRC Ebola episode: Lessons from West Africa

THE arrival of the Ebola Virus Disease to the Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC, not long after the overwhelming West African Ebola plague has raised feelings of dread about the likelihood of another debacle really taking shape. In this piece, Dr. Terence Gibson, a Consultant Physician at Guys and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London who was a Consultant Physician at Connaught Hospital in Freetown, Sierra Leone between 2014-16 expounds on the issues encompassing the Ebola reaction, and why a more grounded initiative of the World Health Organization is required to interpret strategy crosswise over mainlands.

Terry Gibson With another flare-up of Ebola cases being reported a week ago in the Democratic Republic of Congo, I am helped to remember mid 2014 when I took up a position as a specialist doctor in the biggest doctor’s facility in Freetown. I was a volunteer individual from the Kings Sierra Leone Partnership, devoted to supporting the advancement of clinical administrations and both undergrad and postgraduate training.

In a nation of a little more than six million individuals, there was an intense deficiency of wellbeing laborers and only 150 specialists broadly. For two months the example of my expert life was natural; a blend of day by day ward adjusts, instructing and sorting out workshops for house officers. The analytic offices were poor and treatment alternatives restricted by accessibility and patients’ capacity to pay.

Shadow cast: In neighboring Guinea, an episode of Ebola ejected in March and cast a shadow over Sierra Leone. Ebola had never been found in the district and the nation and wellbeing framework was not set up for the seismic stun that was going to come.

Open blurbs appeared in May upholding that those with blood recolored heaving or looseness of the bowels answer to a doctor’s facility.

These side effects were among the most outlandish early side effects of Ebola. Foreswearing As cases streamed into the East of the nation, to numerous in Freetown it appeared to be excessively far off, making it impossible to bring about a quick stress. Dissent of the malady prompted inaction.

Among the primary functional moves of readiness in Freetown, the Kings Partnership, as a team with the healing facility expert, changed over a surgical perception region into a segregation unit, a stage copied all through the city and neighboring locale significantly later.

By summer, disavowal was surpassed by frenzy as passings mounted. NGOs stuffed up and left, schools and universities were shut, carriers pulled back administrations.

There was a stun when the national clinical lead against Ebola kicked the bucket of the infection, took after soon by one of my two doctor partners. Wellbeing specialists around the nation started biting the dust in unbalanced numbers in spite of expanding accessibility of defensive pieces of clothing.

The house officers at my doctor’s facility went on strike and many betrayed. For the following a while the nearby therapeutic workforce kept on declining until reinforced by clinicians from somewhere else. Ebola treatment focuses started to show up keep running by universal volunteers and upheld by outside organizations and governments. However, it was past the point where it is possible to stay away from the exhibition of carcasses lying outside and inside the healing facility as residual staff courageously kept up an inpatient benefit for the various sicknesses. Isolating and segregating associated Ebola from the principle body with patients was a hazardous need and more specialists and medical attendants were to pass on while playing out their obligation.

The segregation unit at the doctor’s facility where I worked was staffed by volunteer Sierra Leone attendants and wellbeing laborers from the UK and somewhere else, supported by the Kings Sierra Leone Partnership. At the point when cases were affirmed they were exchanged to treatment focuses of which there was just a single in the initial couple of months and that was a five-hour drive from Freetown.

Level of cases By the finish of 2014 the quantity of Ebola cases gave off an impression of being achieving a level in the meantime as segregation and treatment focuses were extending. As the quantity of beds developed so did the confirmation of suspects who demonstrated not to have Ebola. All through the pandemic, the numerous maladies sharing attributes of Ebola, for example, fever, insanity or looseness of the bowels were denied best treatment until cleared of Ebola. A large portion of those that kicked the bucket are excluded in the official insights, since they were shrouded cases that included mystery internments.

Frail authority and dread of culpable the national pride of the Sierra Leone government could possibly have represented the imperceptibility of the WHO on the ground amid this period. As a clinician who was there toward the start and toward the end, I was confounded by the moderate reaction of the WHO. Individual connection: My exclusive individual collaboration with the association was as the sickness recurrence was in decrease and the quantity of WHO authorities was expanding.

An arrangement of isolating each one of the individuals who had contact with at first unsuspected constructive cases unless wearing full individual defensive dress was presented by WHO and implemented by the all of a sudden various and enthusiastic officers nearby.

Those of us who had been uncovered incidentally on a few events survived as a result of straightforward contamination control safety measures and the checking of body temperature. We longed that they had been available six months before when the ailment was running widespread.

At that point, strict isolate and observing would have been sensible however now the measures were viewed as past the point where it is possible to have any genuine effect. For those of us required in clinical care amid this period, the part of WHO in driving the push to contain and oversee Ebola appeared to be confused all the way. Systemic disappointment: Ebola uncovered a systemic disappointment at the most abnormal amount of the association. Since there will be a new leader of the association, there is a chance to guarantee that such slow and incompetent conduct are not rehashed ought to comparable conditions, for example, the Ebola pandemic repeat.

To this end, a hopeful with individual experience of clinical drug and its difficulties, who can make an interpretation of this into approach crosswise over mainlands and who is unafraid of facing national governments when fitting ought to be named. To the extent I can see, Dr. Sania Nishtar is the champion applicant that matches this criteria and would be a viable pioneer to manage future Ebola episodes.

And in addition quickening the changes inside WHO, it is important that we take in the lessons of past episodes and move rapidly to stop the DRC flare-up and spare lives.

WARNING!!! Nine foods to avoid if you’re having s*x tonight


It’s Monday, truly; and you probably had enough of your partner over the weekend.

However, you may still be raving to go this evening, if only to convince yourself that office politics or no office politics, life goes on!

If you plan to hit the sheets later tonight, there are some foods to avoid. This is because if you eat the wrong meal, you could end up with embarrassment, while you could feel fatigued and not exactly in the mood to get it on.

According to registered dietitian, Lauren Harris-Pincus, certain foods contain ingredients that could make you gassy, cause some stomach discomfort, and even kill the libido. You sure don’t want any of these!

Here’s a list of foods to avoid before s*x…

Beans: “Beans are known as the ‘musical fruit’ because of their oligosaccharides, which we cannot digest in the stomach and small intestines,” says Pincus. “If you are prone to gassing, don’t eat bean before approaching your partner for s*x.”

Onions: Although they’re a tasty and healthy food, onions can cause bad breath because of its smelly sulfur compounds which linger in the mouth and become absorbed in the bloodstream, according to WebMD. So, avoid onions before s*x.

Garlic: Garlicky meal can be unbearable, says Pincus. In addition to bad breath, garlic can also cause stomach aches, as some people are sensitive to fructants, a compound found in the food. So, keep off it, at least for tonight.

Cruciferous vegetables: Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage are all healthy choices, but like beans, they are very likely to cause some gas and bloating. “They not only cause more gas, but stinky gas, thanks to the sulfur,” says Pincus.

Coffee: Sure, coffee is great for increased energy, but it also messes with your blood sugar levels, which could end up messing with your adrenal glands, experts at online portal, Prevention, say. This could increase stress hormone, cortisol; and in turn could affect your testosterone, resulting in a drop of s*xual desire and response. Again, coffee could cause an upset stomach.

Sugar-free sweets: Sugar-free sweets might seem healthy, but they contain sorbitol, a sugar substitute that can leave you feeling nasty. “Many people experience unpleasant gastrointestinal side effects after consuming too much sorbitol,” says Pincus.

Red meat: Eating red meat before s*x could lead to blasting foul-smelling gas. Meats such as pork and beef contain methionine, an amino acid with sulfur that can leave you with smelly fart, notes the online portal, Thrills.

Soda water: No one likes to feel bloated when they’ve got a night out; but soda water can cause just that! Drinking carbonated water can lead to a build-up of air in the stomach, which could leave you with uncontrollable belching, bloating, and abdominal discomfort, according to Live strong.

French fries: French fries are high in sodium, which could lead to some uncomfortable bloating. They’re also high on the hypoglycemic index and are difficult to digest, which could leave you feeling tired and low on energy, experts at Live strong say.

Everyone’s body reacts differently, so, figure out what works best for you!

7 important rules for men who avoid wearing underpants!

Most  men love to go naked under their trousers. No qualms, really. In fact, a urologist, Dr. Jamin Brahmbhatt, says there is no known medical reason why men need underpants for support.

However, before you decide to go sans pants under your trousers, these are the precautions to take!

  • The Number One rule: Zip up with caution! You know why, don’t you?
  • Rub on Vaseline or baby powder. According to clinical dermatologist at Yale University, Prof. Mona Gohara, without underwear, you don’t have any protection between the outer layer of your skin and the harsh reality of the fabric and seams of your trousers. So, rub on some Vaseline jelly or baby powder to prevent friction.
  • You risk jock itch. Jock itch is a skin condition that presents as an itchy, red, ring-shaped rash; and it occurs when you’re exposed to fungus, says Gohara. Fungi thrives in warm, humid environments such as the inside of your pants when your balls are covered in sweat. To avoid fungi, keep your scrotum dry with just a sprinkle of baby powder in the morning and regularly wash your pants.
  • Wash your trousers more often! If you normally wear a pair of trousers four times before washing them, reduce it to just two. The reason is because, when fabric sits directly next to your skin, they get dirtier and smellier faster.
  • Risks of sweat stain. Going commando means you don’t have extra fabric to absorb moisture around your crotch. You may end up with nasty sweat stains, which are more visible on lighter fabrics and colours such as khakis or jeans. So, sprinkle a dash of baby powder on your privates before wearing trousers without underpants.
  • Avoid skinny jeans. Skinny-cut trousers, especially those made from heavier fabrics such as denim, may cut into your crotch when you sit down, says Gohara. Worse, if your fabric isn’t thick enough (or if you’re wearing too light a colour), people might notice! To mask weird lines or bulges, therefore, wear trousers with heavier fabrics.
  • Save humanity from faecal bacteria that may have escaped from your anus into your trousers. So, avoid testing new materials when shopping, else, some of those faecal bacteria can transfer onto the new fabric, says a microbiologist, Dr. Sarah Council.

116 million children to be immunized for Polio in West and Central Africa



Finally the world moves to put an end to poliomyelitis as 116 million children are to be immunized across West and Central Africa countries alone in a week-long vaccination exercise.


The United Nations Children’s Fund and Who Health Organization, in a joint press statement, said more than 190,000 polio vaccinations would be employed to undertaken this task in 13 countries on the African continent next week.


The international bodies explained that the exercise will tackle the last remaining stronghold of polio on the continent.


According to the statement: “The synchronized vaccination campaign, one of the largest of its kind ever implemented in Africa, is part of urgent measures to permanently stop polio on the continent.”


The statement revealed that: “All children under five years of age in the 13 countries – Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Sierra Leone – will be simultaneously immunized in a coordinated effort to raise childhood immunity to polio across the continent.”


It recalled that in August 2016, four children were paralysed by the disease in security-compromised areas in Borno state, north-eastern Nigeria, widely considered to be the only place on the continent where the virus maintains its grip.


The statement quotes Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa said: “Twenty years ago, Nelson Mandela launched the pan-African ‘Kick Polio Out of Africa’ campaign,” noting that: “At that time, every single country on the continent was endemic to polio, and every year, more than 75 000 children were paralyzed for life by this terrible disease.”


He said, “all thanks to the dedication of governments, communities, parents and health workers, this disease is now beaten back to this final reservoir.”


Moeti cautioned, however, that progress was fragile, given the epidemic-prone nature of the virus, stressing that: “Although confined to a comparatively small region of the continent, experts warned that the virus could easily spread to under-protected areas of neighboring countries. That is why regional public health ministers from five Lake Chad Basin countries – Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger and Nigeria – declared the outbreak a regional public health emergency and have committed to multiple synchronized immunization campaigns.


UNICEF Regional Director for West and Central Africa, Ms Marie-Pierre Poirier, stated that with the strong commitment of Africa’s leaders, there was confidence that this last remaining polio reservoir could be wiped out, thereby protecting all future generations of African children from the crippling effects of this disease once and for all.


“Polio eradication will be an unparalleled victory, which will not only save all future generations of children from the grip of a disease that is entirely preventable – but will show the world what Africa can do when it unites behind a common goal.”


To stop the potentially dangerous spread of the disease as soon as possible, volunteers will deliver bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) to every house across all cities, towns and villages of the 13 countries. To succeed, this army of volunteers and health workers will work up to 12 hours per day, traveling on foot or bicycle, in often stifling humidity and temperatures in excess of 40°C. Each vaccination team will carry the vaccine in special carrier bags, filled with ice packs to ensure the vaccine remains below the required 8°C.


“This extraordinary coordinated response is precisely what is needed to stop this polio outbreak,” said Michael K McGovern, Chair of Rotary’s International Polio Plus Committee. “Every aspect of civil society in these African countries is coming together, every community, every parent and every community leader, to achieve one common goal: to protect their children from life-long paralysis caused by this deadly disease.”


The full engagement of political and community leaders at every level – right down to the district – is considered critical to the success of the campaign. It is only through the full participation of this leadership that all sectors of civil society are mobilized to ensure every child is reached.